Analysing Ethics and Legal Enforceability in Employee Noncompete Agreements in EU Legislation

Enik Pogace, Head of Employee Relations Division , Bank of Albania, Albania

Noncompete agreements are recently being used in a range of businesses. From engineering firms to companies and businesses of all sorts are pushing new hires to sign noncompete agreements that legally restrict them from working for other potential competitors. The proposed paper would attempt to argue that although putting employment restrictions on an executive or entrepreneur, who is likely to know sensitive trade secrets, from competing against a former employer is probably necessary, putting ordinary employees under such burden may restrict their employability if they leave their employer. The argument would take as a basis the EU legislation in the field, taking also into account that noncompete agreements are the most stringent legal barrier that restricts an employee’s right to practice his or her profession. The analysis would include also the legal standing of the use of alternative agreements, namely confidentiality agreements or nonsolicitation agreements, with a view to present a comparative analysis. The paper would strive to answer numerous questions in light of the recent conditions set forth by the pandemic, including among others: What is the purpose of a noncompete agreement? Is it ethical for a company to require its employees to sign a noncompete agreement as a condition of employment? Under what conditions can be considered to be acceptable for an employer to ask an employee to sign a noncompete agreement? What are alternative ways to manage employee behaviour, so they do not harm their former employer after they quit?

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Albania Employment Banking & Finance February 2021 Vol.14, No. 54, Winter 2021

Enik Pogace


Enik Pogace currently works as Head of Employee Relations Division at the Bank of Albania. He was formerly a legal expert at the Bank where he embarked on a wide array of legal issues related to banking, payment systems as well as prevention of money laundering and terrorist financing. Mr. Pogace began his career working for international organisations i.e. UNDP, IOM and then in the International Relations Department of the Ministry of Justice. Prior to joining the Bank he worked at a European Commission programme on justice reform in Albania. He has carried out academic studies at the Universities of Georgetown, Freiburg and Marmara as well as postgraduate legal research at the University of London. Mr.Pogace’s recent work and research has been particularly focused on the approximation of banking legislation to the EU acquis in the field of employment and employees’ rights.

Bank of Albania


The Bank of Albania is the central bank of Albania. The economical-political and social developments since the establishment and so far, have enriched the functions carried out by the Bank. The Bank of Albania, within the scope defined by the legal framework, is autonomous, with a view to accomplish its key objective and in exercising the tasks assigned.

Albania Employment Banking & Finance February 2021 Vol.14, No. 54, Winter 2021

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