Basic Patent Law in Brazil, and Recent Developments
Russell Boltwood, Vice President, Licensing and Intellectual Property, UTStarcom, USA
The largest country in South America by both geography and population, Brazil was discovered by Portuguese explorers in 1500. It remained a colony of Portugal until 1822, when Brazil declared its independence from Portugal. Initially, Brazil was constituted as an empire, but finally adopted a republic form of government in 1889. Since its formation as a republic, Brazil's political and governmental structure has been the subject of significant upheaval, with the country's military maintaining political control of the country for a substantial amount of time since 1889. Including the constitution put in place as part of the creation of the Empire of Brazil, the country has had a total of seven constitutions since its independence. In 1988, Brazil transitioned from military rule to a democratically-elected civilian government. That same year, the country adopted a new constitution which provides the foundation for its current legal and political institutions. This transition to democratic rule, along with the adoption of a new constitution, laid the political and legal foundation for Brazil's emergence as one of the world's largest and fastest-growing economies.
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